Prince William County Court

Find Prince William County Virginia courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.


Woodbridge Magistrate Court 15948 Donald Curtis Drive Woodbridge VA 22191 703-792-4388


About Prince William County Courts

Courts in Prince William County, VA are government institutions that resolve legal disputes in accordance with local Prince William County and Virginia law and are housed in Prince William County courthouses. Courts are divided into Criminal Courts and Civil Courts. In Prince William County Criminal Courts, the government prosecutes a case against parties accused of breaking the law. In Prince William County Civil Courts the Court resolves disputes between citizens.

You may contact Courts for questions about:
  • Prince William County court records and judgments
  • Law documents, filings and case records
  • Appealing Prince William County court judgments
  • Court calendars and dockets
  • Prince William County background checks
Prince William County Court Records

Prince William County court records are available to the public at the Prince William County Courthouse. Records vary by specific court, however, commonly requested public records include copies of court decisions, court filings and records, court dockets and calendars, people and background check information as well as criminal records.

About the US Court System

The United States Legal System is comprised of a Federal Court System and Fifty State Court Systems which hear cases at Prince William County Courthouses.

Prince William County Trial Courts

Prince William County Courts, where cases are heard for the first time, are where both sides, the prosecutor and defendant present evidence to argue and support their versions of events. A jury usually decides the outcome of cases and a single judge presides over the court room.

Limited Jurisdiction Court

Limited Jurisdiction Courts in Prince William County are typically limited to hearing only cases about small claims, traffic and driving violations, and misdemeanor offenses. Other courts of limited jurisdiction include Prince William County Probate Courts and Prince William County Family Courts.

Appellate Court in Prince William County, Virginia

Appellate Courts, or Courts of Appeal, hear appeals of decisions that are reached in Prince William County Trial Courts. A judge or a panel of judges presides over the appellate process and decides the outcome of the trial rather than a jury.

Virginia Federal Courts

Federal Courts are divided into Trial Courts and Appellate courts. Prince William County Federal Courts are divided into Courts of General Jurisdiction and Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. General Jurisdiction Courts preside over all matters of cases, whereas Courts of Limited Jurisdiction are limited by their scope. Federal Courts in Virginia are referred to as Superior Courts or District Courts and have jurisdictional authority over defined geographic areas.

Twelve Circuit Courts comprise the US Appellate Court System with the United States Supreme Court at its head. Appellate Courts in Virginia state are similar to the Federal System, whereas multiple appellate courts hear cases within a defined geographic area, governed by the highest State Court, the Virginia Supreme Court.