Orange County Court

Find Orange County Virginia courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.


Orange Circuit Court 110 North Madison Road Orange VA 22960 540-672-4030


Orange General District Court 110 North Madison Road Orange VA 22960 540-372-3150

Orange Magistrate Court 13021 James Madison Highway Orange VA 22960 540-672-1087

About Orange County Courts

Courts in Orange County, VA are government institutions that resolve legal disputes in accordance with local Orange County and Virginia law and are housed in Orange County courthouses. Courts are divided into Criminal Courts and Civil Courts. In Orange County Criminal Courts, the government prosecutes a case against parties accused of breaking the law. In Orange County Civil Courts the Court resolves disputes between citizens.

You may contact Courts for questions about:
  • Orange County court records and judgments
  • Law documents, filings and case records
  • Appealing Orange County court judgments
  • Court calendars and dockets
  • Orange County background checks
Orange County Court Records

Orange County court records are available to the public at the Orange County Courthouse. Records vary by specific court, however, commonly requested public records include copies of court decisions, court filings and records, court dockets and calendars, people and background check information as well as criminal records.

About the US Court System

The United States Legal System is comprised of a Federal Court System and Fifty State Court Systems which hear cases at Orange County Courthouses.

Orange County Trial Courts

Orange County Courts, where cases are heard for the first time, are where both sides, the prosecutor and defendant present evidence to argue and support their versions of events. A jury usually decides the outcome of cases and a single judge presides over the court room.

Limited Jurisdiction Court

Limited Jurisdiction Courts in Orange County are typically limited to hearing only cases about small claims, traffic and driving violations, and misdemeanor offenses. Other courts of limited jurisdiction include Orange County Probate Courts and Orange County Family Courts.

Appellate Court in Orange County, Virginia

Appellate Courts, or Courts of Appeal, hear appeals of decisions that are reached in Orange County Trial Courts. A judge or a panel of judges presides over the appellate process and decides the outcome of the trial rather than a jury.

Virginia Federal Courts

Federal Courts are divided into Trial Courts and Appellate courts. Orange County Federal Courts are divided into Courts of General Jurisdiction and Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. General Jurisdiction Courts preside over all matters of cases, whereas Courts of Limited Jurisdiction are limited by their scope. Federal Courts in Virginia are referred to as Superior Courts or District Courts and have jurisdictional authority over defined geographic areas.

Twelve Circuit Courts comprise the US Appellate Court System with the United States Supreme Court at its head. Appellate Courts in Virginia state are similar to the Federal System, whereas multiple appellate courts hear cases within a defined geographic area, governed by the highest State Court, the Virginia Supreme Court.