Van Buren County Court

Find Van Buren County Tennessee courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.


Spencer City Court 119 Spring Street Spencer TN 38585 931-946-3304


Spencer Criminal Court 179 Veterans Square Spencer TN 38585 931-946-2153

Van Buren Circuit Court 179 Veterans Square Spencer TN 38585 931-946-2153

Van Buren Criminal Court 179 Veterans Square Spencer TN 38585 931-946-2314

About Van Buren County Courts

Courts in Van Buren County, TN are government institutions that resolve legal disputes in accordance with local Van Buren County and Tennessee law and are housed in Van Buren County courthouses. Courts are divided into Criminal Courts and Civil Courts. In Van Buren County Criminal Courts, the government prosecutes a case against parties accused of breaking the law. In Van Buren County Civil Courts the Court resolves disputes between citizens.

You may contact Courts for questions about:
  • Van Buren County court records and judgments
  • Law documents, filings and case records
  • Appealing Van Buren County court judgments
  • Court calendars and dockets
  • Van Buren County background checks
Van Buren County Court Records

Van Buren County court records are available to the public at the Van Buren County Courthouse. Records vary by specific court, however, commonly requested public records include copies of court decisions, court filings and records, court dockets and calendars, people and background check information as well as criminal records.

About the US Court System

The United States Legal System is comprised of a Federal Court System and Fifty State Court Systems which hear cases at Van Buren County Courthouses.

Van Buren County Trial Courts

Van Buren County Courts, where cases are heard for the first time, are where both sides, the prosecutor and defendant present evidence to argue and support their versions of events. A jury usually decides the outcome of cases and a single judge presides over the court room.

Limited Jurisdiction Court

Limited Jurisdiction Courts in Van Buren County are typically limited to hearing only cases about small claims, traffic and driving violations, and misdemeanor offenses. Other courts of limited jurisdiction include Van Buren County Probate Courts and Van Buren County Family Courts.

Appellate Court in Van Buren County, Tennessee

Appellate Courts, or Courts of Appeal, hear appeals of decisions that are reached in Van Buren County Trial Courts. A judge or a panel of judges presides over the appellate process and decides the outcome of the trial rather than a jury.

Tennessee Federal Courts

Federal Courts are divided into Trial Courts and Appellate courts. Van Buren County Federal Courts are divided into Courts of General Jurisdiction and Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. General Jurisdiction Courts preside over all matters of cases, whereas Courts of Limited Jurisdiction are limited by their scope. Federal Courts in Tennessee are referred to as Superior Courts or District Courts and have jurisdictional authority over defined geographic areas.

Twelve Circuit Courts comprise the US Appellate Court System with the United States Supreme Court at its head. Appellate Courts in Tennessee state are similar to the Federal System, whereas multiple appellate courts hear cases within a defined geographic area, governed by the highest State Court, the Tennessee Supreme Court.