Pelham AL Court

Find Pelham, Alabama courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.

Pelham Municipal Court 3174 Church St Pelham AL 35124 205-620-6407

About Pelham Courts

Courts in Pelham, AL are government institutions that resolve legal disputes in accordance with local Shelby County and Alabama law and are housed in Shelby County courthouses. Courts are divided into Criminal Courts and Civil Courts. In Pelham Criminal Courts, the government prosecutes a case against parties accused of breaking the law. In Pelham Civil Courts the Court resolves disputes between citizens.

You may contact Courts for questions about:
  • Pelham court records and judgments
  • Law documents, filings and case records
  • Appealing Pelham court judgments
  • Court calendars and dockets
  • Pelham background checks
Pelham Court Records

Pelham court records are available to the public at the Shelby County Courthouse. Records vary by specific court, however, commonly requested public records include copies of court decisions, court filings and records, court dockets and calendars, people and background check information as well as criminal records.

About the US Court System

The United States Legal System is comprised of a Federal Court System and Fifty State Court Systems which hear cases at Pelham Courthouses.

Pelham Trial Courts

Pelham Courts, where cases are heard for the first time, are where both sides, the prosecutor and defendant present evidence to argue and support their versions of events. A jury usually decides the outcome of cases and a single judge presides over the court room.

Limited Jurisdiction Court

Limited Jurisdiction Courts in Pelham are typically limited to hearing only cases about small claims, traffic and driving violations, and misdemeanor offenses. Other courts of limited jurisdiction include Pelham Probate Courts and Pelham Family Courts.

Appellate Court in Pelham, Alabama

Appellate Courts, or Courts of Appeal, hear appeals of decisions that are reached in Pelham Trial Courts. A judge or a panel of judges presides over the appellate process and decides the outcome of the trial rather than a jury.

Alabama Federal Courts

Federal Courts are divided into Trial Courts and Appellate courts. Pelham Federal Courts are divided into Courts of General Jurisdiction and Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. General Jurisdiction Courts preside over all matters of cases, whereas Courts of Limited Jurisdiction are limited by their scope. Federal Courts in Alabama are referred to as Superior Courts or District Courts and have jurisdictional authority over defined geographic areas.

Twelve Circuit Courts comprise the US Appellate Court System with the United States Supreme Court at its head. Appellate Courts in Alabama state are similar to the Federal System, whereas multiple appellate courts hear cases within a defined geographic area, governed by the highest State Court, the Alabama Supreme Court.