Rock Island County IL Court

Find Rock Island County, Illinois courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.


East Moline District Court 915 16th Avenue East Moline IL 61244 309-752-1525


Moline District Court 525 16th Street Moline IL 61265 309-797-0739

Rock Island County Court 210 15th Street Rock Island IL 61201 309-558-3570

Rock Island District Court 1317 3rd Avenue Rock Island IL 61201 309-558-3954

About Rock Island County Courts

Courts in Rock Island County, IL are government institutions that resolve legal disputes in accordance with local Rock Island County and Illinois law and are housed in Rock Island County courthouses. Courts are divided into Criminal Courts and Civil Courts. In Rock Island County Criminal Courts, the government prosecutes a case against parties accused of breaking the law. In Rock Island County Civil Courts the Court resolves disputes between citizens.

You may contact Courts for questions about:
  • Rock Island County court records and judgments
  • Law documents, filings and case records
  • Appealing Rock Island County court judgments
  • Court calendars and dockets
  • Rock Island County background checks
Rock Island County Court Records

Rock Island County court records are available to the public at the Rock Island County Courthouse. Records vary by specific court, however, commonly requested public records include copies of court decisions, court filings and records, court dockets and calendars, people and background check information as well as criminal records.

About the US Court System

The United States Legal System is comprised of a Federal Court System and Fifty State Court Systems which hear cases at Rock Island County Courthouses.

Rock Island County Trial Courts

Rock Island County Courts, where cases are heard for the first time, are where both sides, the prosecutor and defendant present evidence to argue and support their versions of events. A jury usually decides the outcome of cases and a single judge presides over the court room.

Limited Jurisdiction Court

Limited Jurisdiction Courts in Rock Island County are typically limited to hearing only cases about small claims, traffic and driving violations, and misdemeanor offenses. Other courts of limited jurisdiction include Rock Island County Probate Courts and Rock Island County Family Courts.

Appellate Court in Rock Island County, Illinois

Appellate Courts, or Courts of Appeal, hear appeals of decisions that are reached in Rock Island County Trial Courts. A judge or a panel of judges presides over the appellate process and decides the outcome of the trial rather than a jury.

Illinois Federal Courts

Federal Courts are divided into Trial Courts and Appellate courts. Rock Island County Federal Courts are divided into Courts of General Jurisdiction and Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. General Jurisdiction Courts preside over all matters of cases, whereas Courts of Limited Jurisdiction are limited by their scope. Federal Courts in Illinois are referred to as Superior Courts or District Courts and have jurisdictional authority over defined geographic areas.

Twelve Circuit Courts comprise the US Appellate Court System with the United States Supreme Court at its head. Appellate Courts in Illinois state are similar to the Federal System, whereas multiple appellate courts hear cases within a defined geographic area, governed by the highest State Court, the Illinois Supreme Court.