Jefferson County AL Court

Find Jefferson County, Alabama courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.


Adamsville Municipal Court 4911 Main Street Adamsville AL 35005 205-674-5671


Bessemer County District Court 1801 3rd Avenue North Bessemer AL 35020 205-481-4165

Bessemer Courthouse 23 15th Street North Bessemer AL 35020 205-426-8602

Birmingham Municipal Court 801 17th Street North Birmingham AL 35203 205-254-2161

Brighton Municipal Court 3700 Main Street Brighton AL 35020 205-425-8934

Brookside Municipal Court 2711 Municipal Ln Brookside AL 35036 205-674-9275

Fairfield Municipal Court 5231 Court East Fairfield AL 35064 205-783-6019

Fultondale Municipal Court 1210 Walker Chapel Road Fultondale AL 35068 205-841-1430

Gardendale Municipal Court 970 Main Street Gardendale AL 35071 205-631-7155

Graysville Municipal Court 246 South Main Street Graysville AL 35073 205-674-5643

Homewood Municipal Court 1833 29th Avenue South Homewood AL 35209 205-332-6267

Hueytown Municipal Court 1318 Hueytown Road Hueytown AL 35023 205-491-5728

Irondale Municipal Court 101 20th Street South Irondale AL 35210 205-951-1414

Jefferson County District Court 801 Richard Arrington Junior Boulevard North Birmingham AL 35203 205-325-5285

Kimberly Municipal Court 9256 Stouts Road Kimberly AL 35091 205-647-5531

Leeds Municipal Court 1400 9th Street Southeast Leeds AL 35094 205-699-2585

Lipscomb Municipal Court 5512 Avenue H Bessemer AL 35020 205-428-6374

Midfield Municipal Court 725 Bessemer Super Highway Midfield AL 35228 205-923-7578

Morris Municipal Court 8304 Stouts Road Morris AL 35116 205-647-0596

Mountain Brook Municipal Court 56 Church Street Mountain Brook AL 35213 205-802-3821

About Jefferson County Courts

Courts in Jefferson County, AL are government institutions that resolve legal disputes in accordance with local Jefferson County and Alabama law and are housed in Jefferson County courthouses. Courts are divided into Criminal Courts and Civil Courts. In Jefferson County Criminal Courts, the government prosecutes a case against parties accused of breaking the law. In Jefferson County Civil Courts the Court resolves disputes between citizens.

You may contact Courts for questions about:
  • Jefferson County court records and judgments
  • Law documents, filings and case records
  • Appealing Jefferson County court judgments
  • Court calendars and dockets
  • Jefferson County background checks
Jefferson County Court Records

Jefferson County court records are available to the public at the Jefferson County Courthouse. Records vary by specific court, however, commonly requested public records include copies of court decisions, court filings and records, court dockets and calendars, people and background check information as well as criminal records.

About the US Court System

The United States Legal System is comprised of a Federal Court System and Fifty State Court Systems which hear cases at Jefferson County Courthouses.

Jefferson County Trial Courts

Jefferson County Courts, where cases are heard for the first time, are where both sides, the prosecutor and defendant present evidence to argue and support their versions of events. A jury usually decides the outcome of cases and a single judge presides over the court room.

Limited Jurisdiction Court

Limited Jurisdiction Courts in Jefferson County are typically limited to hearing only cases about small claims, traffic and driving violations, and misdemeanor offenses. Other courts of limited jurisdiction include Jefferson County Probate Courts and Jefferson County Family Courts.

Appellate Court in Jefferson County, Alabama

Appellate Courts, or Courts of Appeal, hear appeals of decisions that are reached in Jefferson County Trial Courts. A judge or a panel of judges presides over the appellate process and decides the outcome of the trial rather than a jury.

Alabama Federal Courts

Federal Courts are divided into Trial Courts and Appellate courts. Jefferson County Federal Courts are divided into Courts of General Jurisdiction and Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. General Jurisdiction Courts preside over all matters of cases, whereas Courts of Limited Jurisdiction are limited by their scope. Federal Courts in Alabama are referred to as Superior Courts or District Courts and have jurisdictional authority over defined geographic areas.

Twelve Circuit Courts comprise the US Appellate Court System with the United States Supreme Court at its head. Appellate Courts in Alabama state are similar to the Federal System, whereas multiple appellate courts hear cases within a defined geographic area, governed by the highest State Court, the Alabama Supreme Court.