Find Jefferson County, Alabama courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.
Courts in Jefferson County, AL are government institutions that resolve legal disputes in accordance with local Jefferson County and Alabama law and are housed in Jefferson County courthouses. Courts are divided into Criminal Courts and Civil Courts. In Jefferson County Criminal Courts, the government prosecutes a case against parties accused of breaking the law. In Jefferson County Civil Courts the Court resolves disputes between citizens.You may contact Courts for questions about:
Jefferson County court records are available to the public at the Jefferson County Courthouse. Records vary by specific court, however, commonly requested public records include copies of court decisions, court filings and records, court dockets and calendars, people and background check information as well as criminal records.About the US Court System
The United States Legal System is comprised of a Federal Court System and Fifty State Court Systems which hear cases at Jefferson County Courthouses.Jefferson County Trial Courts
Jefferson County Courts, where cases are heard for the first time, are where both sides, the prosecutor and defendant present evidence to argue and support their versions of events. A jury usually decides the outcome of cases and a single judge presides over the court room.Limited Jurisdiction Court
Limited Jurisdiction Courts in Jefferson County are typically limited to hearing only cases about small claims, traffic and driving violations, and misdemeanor offenses. Other courts of limited jurisdiction include Jefferson County Probate Courts and Jefferson County Family Courts.Appellate Court in Jefferson County, Alabama
Appellate Courts, or Courts of Appeal, hear appeals of decisions that are reached in Jefferson County Trial Courts. A judge or a panel of judges presides over the appellate process and decides the outcome of the trial rather than a jury.Alabama Federal Courts
Federal Courts are divided into Trial Courts and Appellate courts. Jefferson County Federal Courts are divided into Courts of General Jurisdiction and Courts of Limited Jurisdiction. General Jurisdiction Courts preside over all matters of cases, whereas Courts of Limited Jurisdiction are limited by their scope. Federal Courts in Alabama are referred to as Superior Courts or District Courts and have jurisdictional authority over defined geographic areas.
Twelve Circuit Courts comprise the US Appellate Court System with the United States Supreme Court at its head. Appellate Courts in Alabama state are similar to the Federal System, whereas multiple appellate courts hear cases within a defined geographic area, governed by the highest State Court, the Alabama Supreme Court.