Virginia Court

Find Virginia courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.


Courts by County

Accomack County Alexandria Amelia County Amherst County Appomattox County Arlington County Augusta County Bath County Bedford County Bland County Botetourt County Bristol Brunswick County Buchanan County Buckingham County Buena Vista Campbell County Caroline County Carroll County Charles City County Charlotte County Charlottesville Chesapeake Chesterfield County Clarke County Colonial Heights Covington Craig County Culpeper County Cumberland County Danville Dickenson County Dinwiddie County Emporia Essex County Fairfax County Fairfax Falls Church Fauquier County Floyd County Fluvanna County Franklin County Franklin Fredericksburg Galax Giles County Gloucester County Goochland County Grayson County Greene County Halifax County Hampton Hanover County Harrisonburg Highland County Hopewell Isle of Wight County King George County King William County King and Queen County Lancaster County Lee County Lexington Loudoun County Louisa County Lunenburg County Lynchburg Manassas Martinsville Mathews County Mecklenburg County Middlesex County Montgomery County Nelson County New Kent County Newport News Norfolk Northampton County Northumberland County Nottoway County Orange County Page County Patrick County Petersburg Pittsylvania County Portsmouth Powhatan County Prince Edward County Prince George County Prince William County Pulaski County Radford Rappahannock County Richmond County Richmond Roanoke Russell County Salem Scott County Shenandoah County Smyth County Southampton County Spotsylvania County Stafford County Staunton Suffolk Surry County Sussex County Tazewell County Virginia Beach Warren County Washington County Waynesboro Westmoreland County Williamsburg Winchester Wise County Wythe County York County

What does a Court do?

A court is a government institution that tries criminal cases and decides civil disputes.

The court serves as an unbiased third party which interprets and applies laws to matters in question. Courts are led by one or more judges or justices who serve as decision-makers.

Commonly asked questions about Courts

Does a Court have the final say on an issue?

Courts have the final word in their particular jurisdictions. Still, the parties affected by court decisions may appeal their decisions to courts of higher jurisdiction, including appeals courts as well the U.S. Supreme Court, which has the highest jurisdiction to make decisions and judgments. Because of the large volume of legal decisions and judgments which are appealed, very few cases are important enough to be decided by the Supreme Court.

Are television court shows acting as real Courts?

Television-based court shows are not part of the actual judicial system. They have no legal standing, and rulings in those courts are not legally enforceable. Often, these shows are criticized for misrepresenting the nature of real legal proceedings.

Do I have to go to Court?

If you are asked to appear in court, generally you must go in person. Occasionally, the judge may allow an attorney to appear alone on your behalf, but this is rare. In cases where you are a defendant or are named in a subpoena or jury duty assignment, you must appear in person. Failing to appear as ordered may be considered a serious crime in of itself.