Virginia Court

Find Virginia courts and courthouses, such as federal, state, district, superior, criminal, common, circuit, judicial, judiciary, divorce, appeals, family, traffic, and small claims courts. Courts provide information on legal cases, law documents, case searches, and appeals.

Courts by County

Accomack County Alexandria city Amelia County Amherst County Appomattox County Arlington County Augusta County Bath County Bedford County Bland County Botetourt County Bristol city Brunswick County Buchanan County Buckingham County Buena Vista city Campbell County Caroline County Carroll County Charles City County Charlotte County Charlottesville city Chesapeake city Chesterfield County Clarke County Colonial Heights city Covington city Craig County Culpeper County Cumberland County Danville city Dickenson County Dinwiddie County Emporia city Essex County Fairfax County Fairfax city Falls Church city Fauquier County Floyd County Fluvanna County Franklin County Franklin city Fredericksburg city Galax city Giles County Gloucester County Goochland County Grayson County Greene County Halifax County Hampton city Hanover County Harrisonburg city Highland County Hopewell city Isle of Wight County King George County King William County King and Queen County Lancaster County Lee County Lexington city Loudoun County Louisa County Lunenburg County Lynchburg city Manassas city Martinsville city Mathews County Mecklenburg County Middlesex County Montgomery County Nelson County New Kent County Newport News city Norfolk city Northampton County Northumberland County Nottoway County Orange County Page County Patrick County Petersburg city Pittsylvania County Portsmouth city Powhatan County Prince Edward County Prince George County Prince William County Pulaski County Radford city Rappahannock County Richmond County Richmond city Roanoke city Russell County Salem city Scott County Shenandoah County Smyth County Southampton County Spotsylvania County Stafford County Staunton city Suffolk city Surry County Sussex County Tazewell County Virginia Beach city Warren County Washington County Waynesboro city Westmoreland County Williamsburg city Winchester city Wise County Wythe County York County

What does a Court do?

A court is a government institution that tries criminal cases and decides civil disputes.

The court serves as an unbiased third party which interprets and applies laws to matters in question. Courts are led by one or more judges or justices who serve as decision-makers.

Commonly asked questions about Courts

Does a Court have the final say on an issue?

Courts have the final word in their particular jurisdictions. Still, the parties affected by court decisions may appeal their decisions to courts of higher jurisdiction, including appeals courts as well the U.S. Supreme Court, which has the highest jurisdiction to make decisions and judgments. Because of the large volume of legal decisions and judgments which are appealed, very few cases are important enough to be decided by the Supreme Court.

Are television court shows acting as real Courts?

Television-based court shows are not part of the actual judicial system. They have no legal standing, and rulings in those courts are not legally enforceable. Often, these shows are criticized for misrepresenting the nature of real legal proceedings.

Do I have to go to Court?

If you are asked to appear in court, generally you must go in person. Occasionally, the judge may allow an attorney to appear alone on your behalf, but this is rare. In cases where you are a defendant or are named in a subpoena or jury duty assignment, you must appear in person. Failing to appear as ordered may be considered a serious crime in of itself.