Texas Health Department

Find Texas health departments, DOH, and health and human services. Health departments provide information on health insurance, affordable health care, public health, human services, women, children and family health services and issues.


Health Departments by County

Anderson County Andrews County Archer County Bastrop County Bee County Bell County Bexar County Bowie County Brazoria County Brazos County Brewster County Brooks County Brown County Burleson County Burnet County Caldwell County Cameron County Chambers County Cherokee County Comal County Coryell County Crane County Dallam County Dallas County Dawson County Denton County Ector County El Paso County Ellis County Falls County Fort Bend County Freestone County Frio County Galveston County Goliad County Grayson County Gregg County Grimes County Guadalupe County Hale County Hamilton County Hardin County Harris County Harrison County Hays County Hidalgo County Hill County Hopkins County Houston County Howard County Hunt County Jasper County Jefferson County Jim Wells County Johnson County Jones County Kendall County Kerr County Kleberg County Lamar County Lampasas County Lavaca County Leon County Liberty County Lubbock County Madison County Mason County Matagorda County Maverick County McLennan County Midland County Milam County Nacogdoches County Navarro County Nolan County Nueces County Orange County Palo Pinto County Polk County Potter County Presidio County Red River County Reeves County Robertson County Rusk County San Patricio County Shelby County Starr County Sutton County Swisher County Tarrant County Taylor County Terry County Titus County Travis County Upshur County Uvalde County Val Verde County Van Zandt County Victoria County Ward County Washington County Webb County Wichita County Wilbarger County Wilson County Wood County Yoakum County Zapata County

What is a Health Department?

A Health Department is a government agency responsible for monitoring public health risks, coordinating responses to public health risks, and setting and enforcing public health standards. Health Departments are particularly active in preventing the spread of disease, ensuring a clean water supply, and promoting a healthy environment and healthy behaviors among the public.

At the state level, Health Departments set standards and reporting requirements, establish the health code, monitor reportable diseases, develop state-wide plans for responding to public health emergencies, and coordinate with county and local Health Departments. At the county and local level, Health Departments are responsible for enforcing health codes and regulations, tracking reportable diseases, reporting disease information to the state, carrying out inspections, and issuing licenses for regulated activities.

Health Departments play a role in food safety by inspecting food service establishments and issuing licenses that allow them to operate. Food service businesses are subject to strict health regulation. Inspections are conducted on a periodic basis depending on the type of establishment. Inspections may also be triggered by complaints.

Health Departments inspect and test wells and septic systems for contaminants such as bacteria, nonorganic chemicals, naturally occurring radioactivity, and naturally occurring compounds. Wells and septic systems must receive a permit from the Health Department before going into operation.

Health Departments track numerous infectious diseases in order to prevent and contain breakouts. State, county, and local Health Departments establish systems with health care providers, schools, and other institutions to rapidly identify and communicate instances of reportable infectious diseases.

Health Departments also educate the public regarding a wide range of health concerns, including food borne illnesses, mosquito borne illnesses, immunization, and healthy behaviors. Many Health Departments offer clinical services, such as flu shot clinics, blood pressure screenings, and health consultations.

Health Departments also investigate complaints about unhealthy living conditions, from the presence of bedbugs to inappropriate care in nursing homes and hospitals. In many instances, the Health Department may be able to provide support, such as remediating lead in a home that has experienced lead poisoning.