As our country's leading emergency services agency, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) coordinates the work of trained professionals from emergency services departments and agencies across the country to prevent serious consequences from man-made and natural disasters, and to provide timely medical responses and damage recovery. The emergency services sector encompasses public and private companies that can help in crisis prevention, disaster preparedness, and medical treatment. However, only government-managed emergency services are responsible for protecting citizens in critical public safety situations, such as providing fire prevention or police protection services.
Public safety is a major concern when an incident or catastrophe occurs, which is why state emergency department agencies develop emergency management plans and procedures that help communities organize on-the-ground, anti-crisis action and adequate medical response. A well-prepared disaster management office keeps track of available public safety resources throughout the state to effectively stay afoot during natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, wildfires and droughts. In this way, the office can take a proactive role in forecasting incident-response. Emergency management duties have a crucial public safety aspect going beyond emergency services units that provide medical treatment. Modern emergency-management services even include cyber-security responses.
Emergency service agencies are responsible for various public safety roles, depending on the type of operations they manage, their operational capacity, and the associated geographic area. Each state has a relevant emergency service department, office, division or agency coordinating the work of medical response units, fire prevention departments and public safety aspects of law enforcement executed by police units. Although specific emergency services may overlap, the sector includes general divisions for law enforcement, fire prevention services, emergency medical services, disaster management and public works.