A criminal record is a listing of an individual's criminal history. This information is often referred to as a public criminal record and can be obtained through background checks, criminal history checks, and public records checks. A criminal record can include all of the information regarding entanglements with the legal system in a particular city, county, state, or country. Criminal records include listings of any charges filed, arrests made and judgments rendered. The only records that may be excluded from criminal records are those associated with juvenile records, certain non-moving traffic violations, and any records that have been expunged or sealed by the courts.
The standard information contained in a criminal record includes personally identifiable information relating to the individual in question, such as name and birth date, as well as specifics about any charges or convictions. These records often cover felonies and misdemeanors, as well as moving violations related to the unsafe operation of a motor vehicle. Depending on the source of information, records may include past judgments of guilt, as well as pending or dropped charges. Information about charges that resulted in not guilty verdicts or dropped charges are usually expunged.
Typically, all forms of criminal records are the same. However, the information they contain is unique to each individual and may contain data about crimes committed in multiple categories, such as felonies and misdemeanors.