Arrest records are often called "rap sheets" and contain an individual's criminal record. Public arrest records, including arrest searches, inquiries, warrants, reports, logs, mugshots and recent arrests, are maintained by various government agencies at the federal, state and local levels. These records are often required before people are given employment in certain industries like education and law enforcement, are enrolled in schools, or are approved for adoptions. Local police departments, the FBI, and courts maintain these records.
These records cover crimes committed at the local, state and federal levels. Records list the name of the person as well as known aliases and date of birth. Most arrest records also include a photograph (a mugshot), along with fingerprints obtained at the time of arrest. They may be based on felonies, misdemeanors, or both. Depending on the jurisdiction, they may also list pending warrants, charges, and even acquitted or dismissed charges as well as previous arrests. They don't include any officially expunged records.
Arrest records are used for a variety of circumstances. In some industries, employers are required by law to run background checks before hiring anyone. Some post-secondary schools also require background checks, especially law and medical schools. Landlords may also conduct background checks on potential renters. Also, criminal records are checked before people enlist in the military, before they receive clearance for certain types of security positions, and before they can purchase firearms. Some driver's licenses also require background checks, and everyone who adopts or provides foster care receives a background check.
Yes, there are. When someone conducts a background check, it will usually show where a person lives and whether they are married, single or divorced. It will also show any history of bankruptcy, driving offenses or felonies. A criminal record may also include a person's fingerprints, as well as specific events like convictions and penalties. The records check will also display mugshots, identifying marks, aliases and other information pertinent to law enforcement. Background checks and arrest record checks, while similar, can vary in results shown.
Another type of arrest record involves sex crimes. All states are required to maintain an up-to-date sex offender registry. These are usually kept online and available for checking at any time. There are different regulations in each state, but the records are accessible to the general public.