Find Alabama EPA offices, labs, facilities and departmental locations of the US Environmental Protection Agency. EPA Offices provide information and educational resources on environmental policy and issues, science and regulation including asbestos and pollutant removal/disposal, air and water pollution, climate change, emissions testing.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a federal agency whose mission is to protect human health and the environment. The EPA develops and enforces environmental regulations, awards grants for environmental projects, disseminates environmental information, and conducts scientific research and environmental studies. The EPA has ten regional offices and numerous research and program laboratories throughout the country.
The regulations developed and enforced by the EPA are based on environmental laws adopted by the U.S. Congress and signed by the President. Regulations provide the detailed technical and operational information for compliance with environmental laws. The procedure for creating a regulation involves publishing the proposed regulation in the Federal Register and providing an opportunity for the public and stakeholders to submit comments. When finalizing the regulation, the EPA considers any comments received from the public and other stakeholders during the public comment period. Once finalized, the regulation is codified in the Code of Federal Regulations. The EPA has developed regulations for major environmental legislation including the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
After a regulation is codified, the EPA monitors compliance through on-site monitoring, inspections, reporting requirements, and investigations. When an instance of non-compliance is identified, the EPA has multiple options for enforcement action depending on the type and severity of the violation. The EPA may pursue civil administrative actions or civil lawsuits, and in some cases, the EPA may negotiate with a violator to voluntarily take corrective action regarding a violation. The EPA can also seek the criminal prosecution of a violator.
The EPA awards approximately $4 billion annually in grants to non-profit organizations, county and local governments, states, and educational institutions. Multipurpose Grants to States and Tribes provide flexible funding for recipients to implement high priority programs and activities. The Brownfields Grant is designed to facilitate the redevelopment of contaminated sites by providing funding for assessment and cleanup costs. Other EPA grant programs include Environmental Justice, Great Lakes funding, and the Pollution Prevention Grant program.
The EPA conducts environmental research to provide a scientific basis for regulation development and other decision making. EPA's six research and development programs are carried out at laboratories and research facilities in fourteen locations across the United States.